Препоръка No. R (97) 18 относно защитата на личните данни събирани и обработвани за статистически цели
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 30 September 1997 at the 602nd meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)

The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe,

Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members;
Aware of the needs in both the public and private sectors for reliable statistics for analysis and understanding of contemporary society, and for defining policies and strategies for making arrangements in practically all aspects of daily life;
Recognising that the production of reliable statistics depends to a great extent on the collection of the most detailed information possible and on the processing of this information by means of increasingly effective automatic data processing technology;
Aware of the fact that such information may concern identified or identifiable persons ("personal data");
Aware of the need to develop techniques making it possible to guarantee the anonymity of the data subjects;
Considering the concern of the international community of statisticians for the protection of personal data, and the development of international recommendations with regard to the professional ethics of statisticians;
Considering also the fundamental principles of official statistics adopted by the international community in the framework of the United Nations;
Noting the progressive development of national and supranational legal standards both in statistical activities and in the field of data protection;
Recalling in this regard the general principles on data protection in the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (Strasbourg 1981, ETS 108);
Recalling also the derogations allowed in favour of statistical activities with regard to the exercise, by data subjects, of certain rights set out in the convention;
Noting that derogations of this kind are also provided for in a number of member states in existing legislation or in legislation being prepared relating to the protection of data;
Considering that a balance should be struck between the need for research and statistics, on the one hand, and the necessary protection of the individual especially when automatic data processing is involved, on the other;
Aware of the need to establish suitable procedures designed to reconcile the interests of the various parties concerned;
Aware that progress made in statistical methods and developments in information technology since 1983 have made it necessary to revise various provisions in Recommendation No. R (83) 10 on the protection of personal data used for scientific research and statistics,

Recommends that Governments of member States:

1. take steps to ensure that the principles contained in the Appendix to this recommendation are reflected in their law and practice;

2. ensure wide circulation of the principles contained in the Appendix to this recommendation among persons, public authorities and bodies involved in the collection and processing of personal data for statistical purposes, in both the public and private sectors, as well as among the authorities responsible for data protection;

3. encourage these persons, public authorities and bodies, if they have not already done so, to introduce codes of ethics based on the Appendix to this recommendation;

Decides that the present recommendation replace Recommendation No. R (83) 10 on the protection of personal data used for scientific research and statistics insofar as that recommendation applies to the collection and automatic processing of personal data for statistical purposes.