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Препоръка No. R (98) 3 относно достъпа до висше образование
(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 March 1998, at the 623rd meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)

The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe,

Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members and that this aim can be pursued notably by common action in cultural matters;
Having regard to Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
Having regard to the European Cultural Convention;
Having regard to the European Convention on the Equivalence of Diplomas leading to Admission to Universities (ETS N° 15) and its Additional Protocol (ETS N° 49);
Having regard to the Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region (ETS N° 165), jointly prepared by the Council of Europe and Unesco, and opened for signature in Lisbon in April 1997;
Having regard to the principles governing admission to tertiary education adopted by the Committee for Higher Education and Research of the Council for Cultural Co-operation in April 1974;
Bearing in mind the Declaration on equality between women and men, adopted by the Committee of Ministers in November 1988;
Having regard to the Vienna Declaration of Heads of State and Government of the member states of the Council of Europe, October 1993;
Bearing in mind the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (ETS N° 157);
Considering that higher education has a key role to play in the promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms and the strengthening of pluralistic democracy and tolerance;
Considering that widening opportunities for members of all groups in society to participate in higher education can contribute to securing democracy and building confidence in situations of social tension;
Considering that the demand for higher education of good quality continues to expand in many countries, and that taking steps to meet this demand may assist the future economic and social development of member states as well as fulfilling the aspirations of young Europeans;
Recalling that the goal of lifelong learning for all requires broad and equal opportunity for access to higher education;
Considering that, despite expansion in student numbers in recent years, there is widespread evidence of under-representation in higher education affecting people of low socio-economic status, people with disabilities and certain minorities; and that despite progress towards gender equality women are still under-represented in science and technology,

1. Recommends that the governments of member states:

a. take steps to implement in their policy, law and practice the principles and measures contained in sections 3 (action against discrimination) and 8 (funding) of the appendix to this recommendation, and those contained in the remaining sections of the appendix insofar as they concern matters for which governments are responsible according to the allocation of responsibilities in each country;

b. take steps towards the application of the principles and measures contained in the appendix where these are not the direct responsibility of governments;

c. draw on the best practice of other European countries in this regard, taking account of the examples identified by the Higher Education and Research Committee in the course of its project, «Access to Higher Education in Europe and its follow-up»;

d. promote implementation of these measures by the universities and other institutions of higher education;

e. ensure that this recommendation is distributed as widely as possible among all persons and bodies concerned.

2. Instructs the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to transmit this recommendation to the governments of those States Parties to the European Cultural Convention which are not members of the Council of Europe.
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