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Препоръка No. R (92) 3 относно генетичните изпитвания и скрининга за целите на здравеопазването
Principles and recommendations


(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 10 February 1992 at the 470th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)

The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe,

Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members;

Having regard to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of 4 November 1950 and the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data of 28 January 1981;

Having regard to the Recommendations of the Committee of Ministers No. R (90) 3 on medical research on human beings, No. R (90) 13 on prenatal genetic screening, prenatal genetic diagnosis and associated genetic counselling, and No. R (92) 1 on the use of analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) within the framework of the criminal justice system;

Bearing in mind that recent progress in the field of biomedical science has made it possible to obtain a greater knowledge of the human genome and the nature of genetic disorders;

Recognising the benefits and potential usefulness of genetic testing and screening not only for the individual, but also for the family and other relatives, as well as for the population as a whole;

Aware that the introduction of these techniques also arouses anxiety and that it is therefore desirable to give assurances as to their proper use;

Bearing in mind that rules governing the collection and use of medical data also apply to genetic data collected and used for health care purposes, including medical research;

Recognising the need for education of the members of the health care professions and the general public about the importance of genetic factors to health, and for including this subject in curricula for general and further education, both at school and at university level, and in professional training;

Considering that each country must determine its own special needs in order to develop the most appropriate services;

Recognising that it should be the goal of every country to offer its citizens equal opportunity of access to genetic testing and screening services;

Aware of the dangers of discrimination and social stigmatisation which may result from genetic information, and determined to fight such phenomena,

Recommends that the governments of the member States

a. be guided in their legislation and policy by the principles and recommendations set out below;

b. promote in their educational systems the teaching of human genetics.

Footnote: 1. When this Recommendation was adopted and in application of Article 10.2.c of the Rules of Procedure for the meetings of the Ministers' Deputies:
- the Representative of the Netherlands reserved the right of his government to comply or not with principle 7 of the Recommendation;
- the Representative of Germany reserved the right of his government to comply or not with the words "and/or to avoid giving birth to affected offspring" in the third indent of sub-paragraph a. of the paragraph on "Purpose, scope and definitions" of the Recommendation.
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